The Exam Cram : Why Stress Can Hurt Your Test ScoresChen Wan Lim
In education, cramming (also known as mugging or swotting, from swot, akin to “sweat”, meaning “to study with determination”) is the practice of working intensively to absorb large volumes of informational material in short amounts of time.
It is often done by students in preparation for upcoming exams, especially just before they are due. Cramming is often discouraged by educators because the hurried coverage of material tends to result in poor long-term retention of material, a phenomenon often referred to as the spacing effect.
When cramming, one attempts to focus only on studies and to forgo unnecessary actions or habits. Cramming is often done the night before a test, or in the days before a final exam.Teaching students to avoid last-minute cramming is a large area of concern for education professionals and profit for educational corporations and businesses.
Learning and teaching study techniques that enhance retention as opposed to learning for a single examination is one of the core issues that plagues colleges and university academic advisors, and also adds to the stress of academic success for students.
Ideally, proper study skills need to be introduced and practiced as early as possible in order for students to effectively learn positive study mechanisms.